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1. Author’s Notes

Unless otherwise noted I have used the New King James Version (NKJV) as a base text, corrected for the Hebrew names, and a few Hebrew terms. Instead of God I have used the Hebrew term, “Elohim.” Instead of the name of THE LORD, I have used the Hebrew name of...

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2. Why the Torah Calendar?

The Jews have an ancient meditative saying, that whoever’s calendar you keep, that is who you worship. If we will take some time to reflect on this maxim, we may be able to see what the Jews mean. In Scripture, a servant obeys his master’s bidding. By the same token,...

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3. About ‘Calendrical Drift’

Before we launch into our study about the calendar the Torah tells us to keep, first we should take a look at history, and see how it was that the children of Israel drifted away from the Torah Calendar. Hopefully this will help us to understand how error can creep...

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4. The Sabbath (Shabbat)

The Fourth Commandment is the command to keep the Sabbath. The Sabbath was one of the Ten Commands that YHWH inscribed in stone. Shemote (Exodus) 20:8-11 8 “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it set apart. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the...

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5. The New Moon Days

While the Roman Gregorian calendar is based on the movements of the sun, the Torah calendar is based on the movements of the moon, and the agricultural cycles in the Land of Israel. We will discuss how the agricultural cycles in the Land of Israel relate to the Torah calendar...

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6. Aviv Barley and the Head of the Year

Once we know how to determine the New Moon, next we need to know how YHWH wants us to determine the start (or the ‘Head’) of the Year.  In order to do this, let us look at the Exodus, for this is where YHWH tells us when He wants the...

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7. The Passover and Unleavened Bread

[There is a more recent version of this study, the Nazarene Israel Passover Study.] The first of Israel’s seven annual festivals is a one-day festival, the Passover. It is followed immediately by the second of Israel’s festivals, the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Since the Feast of Unleavened Bread begins the...

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8. The Wave Sheaf and the Pentecost

If one counts the Passover and Unleavened Bread as one festival, then the second of Israel’s festivals is the Pentecost. The word Pentecost means ‘count fifty,’ but count fifty from what? What is the starting point to this ‘count to fifty’? The answer lies in the interplay between Leviticus 23...

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9. The Fasts of Zechariah Reconsidered

Zechariah 8:18-19 speaks of four man-made traditional fast days which are not commanded in the Torah. Should we keep them? Zekaryah (Zechariah) 8:18-19 18 Then the word of YHWH of hosts came to me, saying, 19 “Thus says YHWH of hosts: ‘The fast of the fourth month, the fast of...

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10. The Day of Trumpets (Yom Teruah)

We saw earlier how the Head of the Year should be declared when the first crescent sliver of the new moon is physically sighted from the Land of Israel, after the barley in the Land of Israel has become Aviv. The declaration of the Head of the Year establishes the...

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11. The Day of Atonements (Yom Kippur)

The tenth day of the seventh month is called by several names, but it is usually called Yom Kippur, or the Day of Atonement. However, the Torah actually calls it Yom HaKippurim (יוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים), or ‘The Day of the Atonements (plural).’ The Day of the Atonements is the most set-apart...

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12. The Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot)

In the chapter on Hanukkah we discuss why Yeshua was probably born on the first day of the Fall Feast of Tabernacles, otherwise known as the Feast of Booths, or Sukkot.  But why does YHWH command us to hold the Feast of Sukkot?  What is the significance?  What are we...

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13. The Eighth Day Assembly

When YHWH gave us the Torah Calendar, He did not choose the days at random.  Rather, He incorporated specific days into His calendar in order to give us prophetic shadow pictures of the things He has purposed to come to pass. In the last chapter on Sukkot we spoke briefly...

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14. The Jubilees and the Shemittah

The Jubilee is first mentioned in Exodus 19:13, when Moshe received the Ten Commandments from Yahweh at Mount Sinai. The word jubilee is ha-yovel (הַיֹּבֵל). Most English versions render this simply as trumpet. Exodus 19:13b 13b “When the trumpet sounds long, they shall come near the mountain.” Strong’s Hebrew Concordance...

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15. Hanukkah Reconsidered

Why do people celebrate Hanukkah?  And should we? Around 332 BCE, Alexander the Great conquered the Land of Israel.  A relatively gentle ruler, Alexander allowed the Jews to continue to practice traditional Judaism, so long as they paid him tribute (i.e. taxes). Daniel 8:21-24 21 And the male goat is...

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16. Purim Reconsidered

YHWH commands seven major festivals in the Torah, yet Hanukkah and Purim are not among them.  We have included these festivals in this book because many of His people keep them: yet let us ask, “Why do His people keep them?”  YHWH set forth His festivals in the Torah, and...

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17. Going Deeper

As one might expect, the Most High Perfect Elohim has created multiple layers of symbolism and meaning not only in His Torah, but also in His Festivals.  While a complete discussion of the significance of the festivals is outside the scope of this work, let us take a look at...

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18. The ‘Seventy-Week Ministry’ Theory

Traditional theology tells us Yeshua’s ministry lasted for some 3-1/2 years, from the fall festival season (e.g., Yom Kippur) to Yeshua’s sacrifice at the Passover in the spring.  As we saw before, Yeshua was probably killed on the 4th day of the week (i.e., a Wednesday), and was raised three...

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19. About Birthdays

While many believe birthday celebrations are harmless, this is the exact opposite of what Scripture teaches. In fact, with the possible exception of Yeshua’s birth, Scripture never celebrates birthdays. While the Book of Iyov (Job) tells us that Iyov was a righteous man, it also tells us that Iyov’s children...

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20. About ‘Service’

YHWH tells us not to pay attention to the movements of the sun, the moon or the stars, lest we become drawn to worship them, and serve them like the gentiles do. Deuteronomy 4:19 19 And lest you lift up your eyes unto heaven, and when you see the sun...

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21. The Wave Sheaf in the Sabbath Year

Scripture tells us not to sow or harvest in the Shemittah (Sabbath Year) or in the Jubilee (fiftieth year). Crops are not to be sown or ‘harvested’ during that time. Leviticus 25:11-12 11 “That fiftieth year shall be a Jubilee to you; in it you shall neither sow nor reap...

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